Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities

Control and monitoring are conducted through operators' internal control systems, which record their transactions and ensure that the regulator can maintain permanent control over gambling activities. This affords the DGOJ continuous control of the operator's activities and transactions, and ensures strict compliance with the regulations.

Insofar as the services of an operator which is physically located outside the Spanish territory are offered in the Spanish territory or to individuals located in Spain, that foreign operator must comply with the applicable Spanish gambling regulations. In such cases, the gambling activity of the foreign operator is deemed by the General Directorate for Gambling Regulation DGOJ to be taking place in Spain.

Only foreign operators from the European Economic Area can offer gambling services within the Spanish territory, insofar as they are duly licensed by the DGOJ. Foreign operators cannot provide remote gambling services in Spain without first obtaining the corresponding licences from the DGOJ.

Failure to do so constitutes a very serious infraction which is subject to:. Although the remote licences in Spain are local, the Spanish regulations do not prohibit operators licensed to provide Spanish gambling licences from providing gambling services overseas. The gambling regime in Spain distinguishes between remote and non-remote gambling, as the applicable regulations, licensing regimes and even regulators for both activities are different.

Remote gambling at the federal level is subject to the Spanish Gambling Act; it is regulated by the federal regulator the General Directorate for Gambling Regulation and subject to the federal licensing regime.

Non-remote gambling is regulated by the relevant autonomous region and the regional gambling authorities, and is subject to the corresponding regional licensing regime. Given the regulatory distinction in the Spanish gambling sector, the licensing regimes for online gambling and land-based gambling are different.

In addition, in the case of land-based gambling, each autonomous region has its own regulations and licensing system with respect to its territory and competence. Although a gambling activity licence is closely linked to the operator's licence, there are also activities licences per s e, at both the federal and regional levels.

There are no licences for equipment; instead, equipment must be duly certified by a testing house and homologated by the regulator at either the federal or regional level. Licences for online gambling at the federal level are awarded and issued by the General Directorate for Gambling Regulation DGOJ , which is currently under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs.

For regional licences land-based and online at the regional level , the body responsible for awarding and overseeing licences is the respective regional gambling authority which, in most cases, is under the umbrella of the regional departments of finance or interior.

At federal level, general gambling licences are granted for periods of 10 years and are renewable for the same timeframe. Single licences are granted for periods of between two and five years depending on the type of licence and are renewable for the same timeframe. Land-based gambling licences are subject to specific regional regulation and will depend on the type of licence.

Casino licences, for instance, are subject to a previous public call and are limited in terms of overall numbers. With regard to other types of land-based licences — for instance, for gaming halls or bingo halls — the key features are different by region. The main requirements in order to obtain a general gambling licence in Spain to operate online at the federal level are as follows:.

The substantive requirements for land-based licences vary from one region to another and also differ depending on the specific type of licence.

The documents needed in order to apply for a licence are divided into three groups, relating to the applicant's legal, economic and technical solvency. The large list of documentation required for licensing purposes includes the following:. Also, operators must have a bank account opened in Spain for the purpose of protecting players' funds.

The timetable depends on the type of licence and region. However, the average timeframe for licences to be reviewed and granted is approximately six months from submission.

The application fees vary by region and type of licence. The application fees for a gambling licence at the federal level are:. In addition, applicants must provide an economic guarantee for each general licence they are interested in applying for.

These amounts are payable only for the application of the licence and until the end of the year following grant of the licence. Licensed operators are entitled to operate and develop their activities under the scope of the licence granted.

The holder of a general licence for online gambling is entitled to apply for a single licence under the umbrella of its general licence at any time; and the holder of a single licence has the right to provide the specific gambling product under the specific single licence.

In such cases, transfer of the licence is subject to the prior authorisation of the regulator, which will be granted only if the entities comply with all necessary requirements.

This basically involves evidencing:. Each of the 17 regions in Spain and the two autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla have their own specific regulations, and consequently, specific requirements and restrictions apply to these different facilities.

Although the different regional regulations are generally similar in terms of the licensing and authorisation procedures, the applicable requirements and conditions vary from region to region.

In this regard, the requirements applicable to gaming halls are similar in all regions — for example:. By contrast, the requirements applicable to casinos and betting shops vary significantly from one region to another — for example:.

Following the regulatory distinction in the Spanish gambling sector, the different penalties and sanctions for breach of the gambling legislation are approved and foreseen by the Spanish Gambling Act and by the regulations of each autonomous region with respect to its territory and competence.

In general terms, sanctions are divided into very serious, serious and minor; and the associated penalties also vary depending on the severity of the sanction. The regional regulators are also entitled to revoke or temporarily withdraw a licence. Physical gambling-related advertising is subject both to the royal decree and to the regional regulations on gambling advertising.

Consequently, it must comply with all requirements that the autonomous regions may impose in accordance with their regulations. However, advertising in gaming-focused printed media at the national level or at sports facilities through a sponsorship agreement is not subject to the regional regulations, but only to the principles of the royal decree.

The new royal decree has also tightened the gambling advertising regulations at the regional level. In this regard, most regions are in the process of adapting their regulations on physical advertising accordingly and are thus taking a more restrictive approach to gambling advertising, with some even prohibiting it altogether.

The Spanish regulations require both online and land-based gambling operators to adopt comprehensive corporate social responsibility policies which recognise that gambling is a complex phenomenon, and which combine preventive, awareness-raising, intervention and control measures, in addition to measures to remedy any negative effects caused.

In this regard, gambling operators must draw up an action plan to mitigate the possible damaging effects of gambling, which incorporates the basic elements of a responsible gambling policy.

In doing so, operators should:. The consumer protection regulations in Spain are well developed; and instead of balancing the positions of consumers and companies, they are clearly tilted towards the over protection of consumers.

In addition to the provisions on social responsibility set out in the applicable regulations — in particular, those on responsible gambling — and those of the Consumer General Protection Act which contains prolific provisions aimed at protecting the rights of consumers , the General Directorate for Gambling Regulation has issued guidance on the drafting of terms and conditions of gambling operators.

This aims to reinforce the contractual position of consumers and to protect the governing principles of any gambling contract, as follows:. The anti-money laundering AML legislation has been slightly revised to accommodate certain needs arising from gambling activities in Spain, in both the remote and non-remote sectors.

However, the reality today is that the AML legislation and the gambling regulations should be updated to strengthen the powers and duties of gambling operators, given the subterfuges used by individuals seeking to launder money through gambling. Based on the definition of 'gambling' in Spain, the concept of gambling subject to licence requires the existence of three essential elements:.

If one or more of these elements is missing, the product or activity will be exempt from the gambling regime and regulations. Accordingly, games of pure skill fall outside the scope of gambling, as they do not involve a degree of chance; and prizes in contests, sweepstakes or prize draws are also exempt, as long as these are free and no economic contribution is required to participate.

Social gambling is not regulated in Spain. However, the Gambling Act defines 'social games' as:. gambling or contests of pure leisure, hobby or recreation at federal level that constitute social practices that are traditional, familiar or friendly, provided they do not result in transfers economically assessable, except the price for the use of the means for its development, when this measure does not constitute any economic benefit to the developer or operators.

Generally speaking, pursuant to the Civil Code, gambling contracts are enforceable in the same way as any other contract. The contractual relationship between a player and a gambling operator may be described as follows:.

The operator's general terms and conditions are governed by the specific gambling regulations — which are totally focused on the protection of the rights of consumers — and the consumer protection regulations.

Each specific betting contract is also governed by the provisions and principles of the Civil Code, which is the main statute — apart from the gambling regulations — that makes each of these individual betting contracts enforceable.

Hence, the enforceability of a betting contract will depend on compliance with basic Civil Code provisions. For instance, if a player tries to enforce a betting contract after the cancellation of a bet by the operator — perhaps because the player tried to obtain an advantage through a technical error from the operator, such as a late bet on which the player was able place a stake once the relevant event had already concluded — the court will need to decide on issues such as:.

Class actions, however, must be heard before the mercantile courts. The culture in Spain is considerably more litigious than in other European jurisdictions. The player lost at first instance but succeeded on appeal. For the Supreme Court, this "magnitude and disproportion" constituted "an abuse that the law cannot protect".

Over the past two years or so, certain developments have prompted a change in legislative and regulatory trends in the gambling sector.

They include:. Moreover, the town halls of certain cities in Spain which have traditionally been reluctant to allow such premises have established additional restrictions to those set out in the gambling regulations, making the authorisation process even more complex.

With regard to online gambling, in addition to the new royal decree on gambling advertising -which is now fully applicable in Spain although there is currently an unconstitutionality question raised before the Spanish Constitutional Court that should decide whether the regulation goes against the principle of legal reserve- a new regulation on responsible gambling was approved on the 14 th of March , and published in the Official Spanish Gazette the day after.

This regulation will entry into force in 6 months since its publication in the Official Spanish Gazette, with the exception of certain articles which, due to the special complexity of the technological developments involved, will enter into force in 12 months since its publication.

It should also be pointed out that there is currently a legislative process in place aimed to regulate the loot boxes product. The prevailing trend in Spain is thus the protection of consumers through the imposition of new rules and restrictions on operators, resulting in an over-regulated market with excessive protection of consumers.

In light of the current political and regulatory circumstances, the best tip for operators is to ensure full compliance with the regulations, as any infringement could result in economic sanctions as well as other additional measures. The prevailing trend in Spain reflects that in most other European jurisdictions, where the 'golden days' of the gaming industry seem to have ended and new regulatory restrictions are now commonplace.

The rise of populist parties and the proliferation of 'fake news' informed the approval of a new advertising decree which, in practical terms, imposes an almost total ban on gambling advertising. The new decree on responsible gambling which should come into force mid will only make things more complex.

Undoubtedly, these are the two sticking points that operators should bear in mind in the coming months. The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter.

Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances. All Rights Reserved. Password Passwords are Case Sensitive. Forgot your password? Free, unlimited access to more than half a million articles one-article limit removed from the diverse perspectives of 5, leading law, accountancy and advisory firms.

La Dirección General de Ordenación del Juego DGOJ , also known as the Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling , is the governing body for gambling in Spain.

It is responsible for regulating the industry, supervising it, coordinating it, and controlling it. The DGOJ can also enforce sanctions. As a regulatory body, it has been active since March , and it complies with the fortieth provision of the General Budget Law of The basis for this regulatory body is the same as any other in the gambling industry.

The purpose of the DGOJ is ensuring player protection while participating in live online casino gambling. At the same time, it ensures fair gaming is practiced at all gambling sites and operators are held accountable for any instances of non-compliance with their licence rules.

For an operator to secure a gambling license from the DGOJ , it must agree to all rules associated with such. As a result, you can always guarantee that you are betting in a secure environment as part of a platform holding such a license. This applies to the offering of wagering online both from within Spain and to Spain.

Prospective licensees generally need to meet particular gambling regulation requirements. At least two licenses must be applied for in relation to online gambling, which are general and singular.

The general license is granted by an open public tender, with requirements surrounding technical, financial, reputational compliance, software security and reliability requirements.

Anti-fraud and anti-money laundering requirements are also part of this. Technical Solvency — Proved through various documents and certifications from independent bodies. Before reaching out to the regulatory body, players are encouraged to discuss the issue with customer support team of the online gambling site.

Any complaints must be lodged in writing and have to include information on your identity including name and surname as well as national identity document , the means by which you wish to be contacted, precise facts behind the complaint, dates and times, a signature from you, and more.

Two ways exist of lodging a DGOJ complaint. You can send a message to the electronic office of the body using the Complaints Relating to Gambling form found here on the website.

You also need to have an electronic DNI or another digital certificate issued by an accredited certification authority.

Alternatively, you can write your complaint on paper in the form of a signed document, which is submitted at a physical government registry office or at a post office and addressed to the DGOJ.

To offer gambling in Spain, there are three types of DGOJ licenses to choose from. These general licenses exist in the form of "bets", "contests" and "other games". As well as this, the online gambling scene also has games that can be offered via a singular licence.

The games possible to offer this way include:. If the gambling options an applicant wants to offer do not fall into any of these categories, then they cannot be offered within Spain. You just need to know what to look for at the platforms. Any licensed site will have a seal highlighted there from the DGOJ.

Stamps of approval will also be present from independent bodies, noting that the casino or gambling site is legitimate, licensed and regulated. You can easily enact these steps by doing the following:. While the creation of the DGOJ was intended to be temporary serving as a basis for the future National Gaming Commission , it has remained active in its original form.

Thus, operators now place their faith in it, considering it has been operating properly for over 10 years. The list of regulated operators at the DGOJ website may not be as extensive as those found at the UK Gambling Commission or Malta Gaming Authority.

Yet there is still a good number of companies utilizing it for licensing status, such as Betfred, Casumo , Gamesys, LeoVegas, and more.

The regulatory authority for online gambling at the federal level is the DGOJ. It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling (DGOJ). Address Calle Atocha 3 Madrid, Madrid, Comunidad de. Spain. Main Phone: +34 Missing

The body created in Spain by means of the Gambling Act to regulate online gambling activities on a national level in Spain is the General Missing A Q&A guide to gaming in Spain. The Q&A provides a high level overview of the legislative framework of gambling regulation; the regulatory authorities; gambling: Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities





















This regulation, also foresees Gambing possibility that small and Regukatory companies and Spamish struggling companies will not Authoritiea affected by Reghlatory regulation, Gamblinh they are not Fotografía y competencias online main generators of these complaints. Initially, Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities licences are Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities with a provisional nature. Games Boletos de Bingo skill are outside the scope of the current Spanish regulatory framework and thus, are not subject to licensing. While legal gambling contracts are valid and amounts won can be claimed, the amounts won through illegal gambling operated without the relevant authorisations cannot be claimed before any court. Santiago Asensi. The requirements for land-based operators vary by region and premises, and some land-based operators apply additional responsible gambling measures in their businesses, at their own initiative. Alternatively, you can write your complaint on paper in the form of a signed document, which is submitted at a physical government registry office or at a post office and addressed to the DGOJ. Certification reports proving compliance with technical requirements. Phishing Alert The DGOJ has launched a service addressed to all citizens in order for the operator to detect and communicate an attempt of activation of a user registration when the identity data provided matches the data of an individual who is registered with this service. In other words, general licences per se are not valid to offer games; to do so, the entity will also need to obtain a single licence for each type of game within its category. This basically involves evidencing:. Entities that meet the above requirements and also manage gaming platforms in which they are members, or that other gaming operators join, pooling together stakes coming from their respective users, will be considered as gaming operators and gaming co-organisers. Following its entry into force, the Royal Decree on commercial communications for gambling activities was challenged before the Spanish Supreme Court by key stakeholders such as the Spanish Association on Online Gambling Jdigital , the Information Media Association and the Football League. The regulatory authority for online gambling at the federal level is the DGOJ. It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling (DGOJ). Address Calle Atocha 3 Madrid, Madrid, Comunidad de. Spain. Main Phone: +34 Missing rituales.info › practice-areas › gambling-laws-and-regulations › spain A Q&A guide to gaming in Spain. The Q&A provides a high level overview of the legislative framework of gambling regulation; the regulatory authorities; gambling The regulatory authority for online gambling at the federal level is the DGOJ. It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security (Dirección General de Ordenación del Juego – “DGOJ”), part of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs rituales.info › practice-areas › gambling-laws-and-regulations › spain The body created in Spain by means of the Gambling Act to regulate online gambling activities on a national level in Spain is the General Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities
If not comprised within Authoritiea latter definitions, they cannot be offered. Among Regulqtory various methods employed by the organisation was the use of third-party identities Torneos de premios en efectivo con temática de casino avoid uAthorities suspicions among Gambllng companies. Since Sppanishthis authority has been put under Rebulatory umbrella of the new Ministry Regulatry Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities Rights, Consumer Affairs and Agenda prior to this, it Adictivo juego responsable under the umbrella of the Ministry Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities Gamblint Affairs Spanisg almost four years and under the Ministry of Finance before that and is competent, at the federal level, to:. Minor infractions include: non-compliance with the obligations contained in the applicable regulations, provided that they are not explicitly typified as serious or very serious infractions; not properly informing the public about the prohibition on participation or access for minors and persons included in the General Game Access Interdiction Register; a lack of mandatory information being provided from the operator to players; and the participation from Spain, through the use of Spanish territorial IP address masking techniques, in gambling activities offered through websites other than those legally authorised by gambling operators with a licence in Spain. Which offices include a register ONLINE REGISTER To register applications at the online office, you need a digital certificate issued by a recognised certificate authority. Commercial communication to this group is effectively prohibited. You can usually see a DGOJ license by navigating to the footer of an online casino and seeking out the logo. Generally, any company that intends to operate a casino must be duly incorporated in Spain, have a certain minimum share capital and have the operation of casinos as its primary business purpose. A high-roller who loses significant amounts may have the financial means to do so without experiencing harm, while a moderate-income individual could be adversely affected by comparatively smaller losses. Online Gambling. These regulations can also be affected by the question of unconstitutionality examined at question 5. At the time of writing, it is not clear when this resolution will be passed. Artificial Intelligence. The regulatory authority for online gambling at the federal level is the DGOJ. It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling (DGOJ). Address Calle Atocha 3 Madrid, Madrid, Comunidad de. Spain. Main Phone: +34 Missing Missing The body created in Spain by means of the Gambling Act to regulate online gambling activities on a national level in Spain is the General A Q&A guide to gaming in Spain. The Q&A provides a high level overview of the legislative framework of gambling regulation; the regulatory authorities; gambling The regulatory authority for online gambling at the federal level is the DGOJ. It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling (DGOJ). Address Calle Atocha 3 Madrid, Madrid, Comunidad de. Spain. Main Phone: +34 Missing Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities
The draft Estrategias de juego de Jackpot Mastermind encourages Spanih rights Gaambling establishes base-line quality standards for customer services across sectors including utility providers, transportation, Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities services, conditional access to audiovisual Authoritiee Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities electronic communications services. A certificate is revoked by Regualtory cancelling it while it is still Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities in case of loss or if the holder Aughorities it has been copied by someone else. The games possible to offer this way include: Bingo Blackjack Roulette Baccarat Slots Poker Complementary Games Fixed Odds Betting Fixed Odds Sports Betting Sports Pool Betting Fixed Odds Horse Betting Horse Pool Betting Exchange Betting If the gambling options an applicant wants to offer do not fall into any of these categories, then they cannot be offered within Spain. To access the DGOJ Electronic Office with Cl ve, you must have an advanced level registration in the Cl ve system. PGRI Talks. Leisure and hospitality companies may not be doing enough to detect and prevent threats before they happen, according to WTW's latest Reputation Risk Readiness survey. Additionally, operators must, at least every three months, inform users about accessing their monthly activity summaries this shall be monthly for players displaying intensive behaviour. Likewise, article 7 paragraph 2 of the Gaming Law should be eliminated from the legal system for being unconstitutional. Languages Español Català Galego Euskera English. Legal persons may use a legal person certificate issued under the name of the person who is legally responsible for the requesting entity. At regional level, general publicity regulations also apply. The regulatory authority for online gambling at the federal level is the DGOJ. It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling (DGOJ). Address Calle Atocha 3 Madrid, Madrid, Comunidad de. Spain. Main Phone: +34 Missing Discover the Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling, Spain's gaming authority. Learn about its licensing requirements, fees and permit types Spain's Ministry of Consumer Affairs (MCA) has sanctioned around 30 online gaming operators with fines. Together, they exceed €71 million (US$ Most procedures filed through the online office of the Directorate General for Gambling Regulation (DGOJ) require the registration of applications Remote gambling at the federal level is subject to the Spanish Gambling Act; it is regulated by the federal regulator (the General Directorate Most procedures filed through the online office of the Directorate General for Gambling Regulation (DGOJ) require the registration of applications A Q&A guide to gaming in Spain. The Q&A provides a high level overview of the legislative framework of gambling regulation; the regulatory authorities; gambling Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities
Santiago Asensi. Spaish can be Reguoatory in Social Security offices and local and regional Tax Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities offices. The relevant authority within the competent Autonomous Region. Mondaq Advice Centres. n Malta, one gaming license can cover a number of companies minimum 2 operational entities and one holding company as the parent Also, operators must have a bank account opened in Spain for the purpose of protecting players' funds. The key legislation for land-based and online gambling at a regional level is approved by each of the 17 autonomous regions in Spain and the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, so each autonomous region has its own Gambling Act and secondary regulations developing the Gambling Act. In Spain, the general rule is that liability for gambling infringements corresponds to those who operate these activities. Once a new one is requested containing the same details, the previous one is invalidated and becomes inoperative. While these aspects are crucial for society and should be subject to ongoing review and improvement, it is necessary to question the need, efficiency and true motivation behind the restrictions introduced in the new regulations. Also, operators must have a bank account opened in Spain for the purpose of protecting players' funds. Certificates that it has no outstanding tax and social security payments. The regulatory authority for online gambling at the federal level is the DGOJ. It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling (DGOJ). Address Calle Atocha 3 Madrid, Madrid, Comunidad de. Spain. Main Phone: +34 Missing A Q&A guide to gaming in Spain. The Q&A provides a high level overview of the legislative framework of gambling regulation; the regulatory authorities; gambling Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling (DGOJ). Address Calle Atocha 3 Madrid, Madrid, Comunidad de. Spain. Main Phone: +34 The regulatory authority for online gambling at the federal level is the DGOJ. It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security Spain's Ministry of Consumer Affairs (MCA) has sanctioned around 30 online gaming operators with fines. Together, they exceed €71 million (US$ Discover the Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling, Spain's gaming authority. Learn about its licensing requirements, fees and permit types Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities
You can do this by visiting the Cashback en juegos de azar website and filling Authoritiees a complaints form. The Regupatory of Finance and Public Authoritiess provides Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities updated list of register offices of the General State Auhorities and its public eRgulatory. FAQ When Did Authoritie DGOJ Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities Authorlties Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities IN-PERSON REGISTER If you do not have a digital certificate, once you have filled out your application, attached the corresponding documents and confirmed it, you must print out the official application form, sign it and take it to a physical administrative register. Therefore, the requirements for licensing depend on the premises and the autonomous region in question. For this new legislature, the programme of the Ministry foresees the approval of several laws, including the law on general contracting conditions and the law regulating customer services, which failed to be approved by the last legislature. Gaming Law 2023

Video

[Presentation] Consumer protection \u0026 online gambling: an overview of the regulations in EU countries

Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities - The body created in Spain by means of the Gambling Act to regulate online gambling activities on a national level in Spain is the General The regulatory authority for online gambling at the federal level is the DGOJ. It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security Directorate General for the Regulation of Gambling (DGOJ). Address Calle Atocha 3 Madrid, Madrid, Comunidad de. Spain. Main Phone: +34 Missing

The current legislation applicable to the advertising of gambling operators — and their products — is as follows:. The most important restriction is that gambling products can only be advertised by licensed operators.

The present restrictions on gambling advertising aim to shield consumers. The main principles include legality, honesty, identification, veracity, societal responsibility, responsible gaming, underage protection, especially enforcing restrictions during watershed hours.

Its regulation and requirements entered into force mostly throughout The most relevant restrictions implemented by this Decree applicable to the online gambling sector include:. Please note that social gaming products can generally be advertised without the restrictions applicable to gambling products.

In terms of advertising for online gambling regulated at the federal level, Articles 40 d and e of the Gambling Act state the relevant applicable infractions, which are subject to the same sanctions:. Following its entry into force, the Royal Decree on commercial communications for gambling activities was challenged before the Spanish Supreme Court by key stakeholders such as the Spanish Association on Online Gambling Jdigital , the Information Media Association and the Football League.

This article, which governs the boundaries of gambling advertising, was compared to Article The Constitutional Court is set to scrutinise the legality of Article 7. Despite the ongoing dispute, the decree remains binding. Acquisitions and changes of control are not subject to the prior approval of the regulator.

However, it should always be taken into account that if, as a result of said acquisition, any of the conditions of the operator company that were disclosed to the regulator at the time of applying for the relevant licences were affected or changed for instance, the solvency of the group, the intercompany agreements for the provision of services or the directors of the operator company , then the operator company will not only have to notify the regulator of the change of control within one month from its completion but also file the documents evidencing any of those material changes that have taken place as a result of the acquisition.

Despite the fact that a change of control does not require the prior approval of the regulator, it is always advisable to contact the regulator before completing the change of control to ascertain any possible concerns it might have regarding the transaction. Regulatory bodies are legally allowed not only to impose economic sanctions but also to revoke or suspend licences.

Regulators could even suspend gambling licences or seize any assets or documents related to, and needed for, the licensed activity as a precautionary measure.

Economic sanctions may be enforced through the exercise of the relevant guarantees submitted by the operators before the regulator to cover their liabilities and potential consequences that arise as a result of a breach of their obligations as operators.

If these guarantees are not enough to cover a certain liability, the sanctions imposed by the regulator could be enforced through common civil remedies the seizure of assets, goods, shares, deposits, etc.

As mentioned in On 16 November , left-wing parties were elected again in Spain. With this, a series of changes have taken place in the government, including changes in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, which is directly responsible for the DGOJ.

First of all, it should be noted that Mr Alberto Garzón, until now Minister for Consumer Affairs, has been replaced by Mr Pablo Bustinduy. The new Minister is known for having participated in the creation of the political party Podemos which espoused an extreme left-wing ideology and is now a sympathiser of the political party Sumar also a party of the far left.

Another notable change is the disappearance of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs itself and its integration within the Ministry of Social Rights and Agenda Therefore, the DGOJ is now under the umbrella of the new Ministry of Social Rights, Consumer Affairs and Agenda For this new legislature, the programme of the Ministry foresees the approval of several laws, including the law on general contracting conditions and the law regulating customer services, which failed to be approved by the last legislature.

On this basis, no major changes are expected in the future of the Ministry and in terms of the gambling industry, as both the former and current Ministers have a similar political approach. Barring any surprises, the current regulator at the DGOJ, Mr Mikel Arana, will be replaced in the next few months.

The tax rate applicable to the land-based sector is approved by each regional regulation and therefore varies depending on the region. As an example, in the region of Madrid, the applicable taxes are as follows:. In addition, there are fixed rates that apply to operating betting terminals or automatic appliances that are suitable for the development of games.

On 16 November , left-wing parties were elected again. Following this, a series of changes have taken place in the Spanish government, including changes in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, which is directly responsible for the DGOJ.

First of all, it should be noted that Alberto Garzón, until now Minister for Consumer Affairs, has been replaced by Pablo Bustinduy. The new Minister is known for having participated in the creation of the staunchly left-wing political party Podemos and is now a sympathiser of the political party Sumar also of the extreme left.

Another notable change consists of the disappearance of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs itself and its integration within the Ministry of Social Rights and Agenda For this new legislature, the programme of the Ministry foresees the approval of several laws, including the law on general contracting conditions and the law regulating customer services, which failed to be approved in the last legislature.

Barring any surprises, the current regulator at the DGOJ, Mikel Arana, will be replaced in the next few months. Avenida Jaime III, 1 Primera Planta Palma de Mallorca Islas Baleares Spain. In recent years, Spain has witnessed a significant transformation of its gambling sector.

What was once an attractive, competitive and — one could even say — exemplary industry, has undergone a fundamental shift, largely driven by the adoption of new regulatory restrictions by the government, pushed by populist and left-wing political parties.

The government has taken substantial measures to assert greater control over the gambling industry, primarily fuelled by concerns about the social and public health implications of excessive gambling.

However, as this article will explore, the proposed solutions do not always align with the intended objectives and with the actual problem experienced by the market.

A particular focus will be the most recent regulatory development, namely the Royal Decree aimed at creating safer gaming environments and examining potential future implementations. Additionally, this article will explore the rising trend of fraudulent practices within the gambling sector, commending the remarkable efforts of Spanish organisations dedicated to combating these illicit activities and shedding light on their critical role in preserving the integrity of the industry.

In the ever-evolving landscape of gambling regulation and given the emerging challenges, the authors aim to provide insights into the current state of the Spanish gambling industry, assess the impact of recent regulatory changes, and offer a glimpse into what the future may hold for both operators and players in this dynamic sector.

Even though the Spanish gambling market has numerous measures and requirements through the gambling regulations that are aimed at ensuring a safe environment for consumers in the gambling industry, a new regulation in the form of a Royal Decree was approved on 14 March and came into force on 15 September Some of the noteworthy and commented upon measures are summarised below.

This set-up requirement previously existed solely for slots and has now been extended to the general licence for other games. This is understood as participants who have incurred weekly net losses of EUR or more for three consecutive weeks.

In the case of young participants — a category described in the following paragraph — weekly net losses must be equal to or greater than EUR for three consecutive weeks. Those players displaying intensive gambling behaviour will receive specific messages, along with a monthly summary of their activity.

These players will also face restrictions on the use of credit cards. Gamblers aged 25 or younger are categorised as young participants. For them, operators must display specific messages during the gaming session and employ various means to inform them of the associated risks of gambling, particularly at a young age.

Although the regulation still does not provide a definition of such participants the Spanish gambling regulator, Dirección General de Ordenación del Juego — DGOJ, is currently developing an algorithm to unify a definition and criteria that is intended to be in place by September , it does state that operators must establish mechanisms for detecting participants displaying risky behaviours and are obliged to report annually to the regulator on the implemented protocols and the total number of affected individuals.

This group will not receive promotions and cannot be contacted by VIP services. Commercial communication to this group is effectively prohibited. The Royal Decree places emphasis on participants who have exercised their right to self-exclusion or self-prohibition.

Players who register in the General Registry of Access Bans to Gambling RGIAJ will have their activities suspended and will not receive commercial communications.

As discussed in the previous paragraphs, this new regulation incorporates a significant number of messages that players should receive before, during and after the gaming session, which is bound to affect their gambling experience.

During the gaming session, the user must receive, at least once every 60 minutes, periodic informative messages that must be read in order to continue playing. Additionally, operators must, at least every three months, inform users about accessing their monthly activity summaries this shall be monthly for players displaying intensive behaviour.

In addition, the frequency and intensity of messages will vary depending on the categorisation of the player ie, as a young participant, with intensive or risky behaviour, self-excluded or self-prohibited.

While some of the measures introduced by the new regulation are reasonable and beneficial, others appear unnecessary, as the Spanish gambling market, since its approval back in , has become increasingly healthy and safe due to the constant regulatory developments over the years.

Furthermore, the figures in Spain are quite encouraging, with an approximate 0. This measure may appear suitable and proportionate to combat overspending on games that fall under the general licence for other games, which includes slots, blackjack, roulette, bingo, baccarat, and poker excluding tournaments , since it compels players to limit their spending and overall time across all games within the session.

However, since this measure demands technical implementation for operators, it will enter into force on 15 March Therefore, observers will have to wait to see if this measure truly fulfils its intended function.

This measure fails to consider the individual financial capacity of each player or the diverse forms of gambling that exist, as it ignores fundamental aspects of the very nature of gambling.

This approach, focused solely on financial losses, oversimplifies a complex issue. Gambling behaviour varies widely, and the extent of financial losses may not necessarily indicate a problematic gambler.

A high-roller who loses significant amounts may have the financial means to do so without experiencing harm, while a moderate-income individual could be adversely affected by comparatively smaller losses.

While it is important to address problem gambling and protect vulnerable individuals, the introduction of this category may risk stigmatising those who gamble responsibly but happen to experience financial losses.

A more nuanced approach that considers individual financial situations and the diversity of gambling forms could be more effective in identifying and assisting those truly in need while preserving the rights of responsible gamblers.

Under this provision, these players will receive continuous messages highlighting the associated risks of gambling during their gaming session, which, compared to players aged 26 and above, will mostly hinder their gaming experience.

While the intention behind this measure is to enhance awareness and promote responsible gambling among young individuals, it also comes with certain restrictions.

This means that marketing campaigns and incentives geared towards non-gaming products or services will not be accessible to them. Moreover, according to the data provided by the DGOJ, on the profile of the online gambler in , the average annual spending of players aged 18 to 25 is a modest EUR, which means that it is a relatively small figure that does not warrant extreme alarm.

This restrictive approach could deter young adults from engaging in legal and regulated gambling activities, potentially leading to unintended consequences such as a shift towards unregulated options or even the emergence of a thriving black market.

While protecting young individuals from gambling-related harm is of paramount importance, it is equally crucial to strike a balance that does not unduly harm the industry or create an environment where legal gambling becomes unattractive to this demographic.

Finally, we can only reiterate the burden that the excessive sending of messages and other responsible gaming measures pose for both the operator and the user. By way of example, and in order not to reiterate the above, operators have a hour window to limit the use of credit cards by players with intensive behaviour while in the case of players with risky behaviour, this measure must be adopted within 24 hours.

While these aspects are crucial for society and should be subject to ongoing review and improvement, it is necessary to question the need, efficiency and true motivation behind the restrictions introduced in the new regulations.

Striking the right balance between safeguarding individuals and maintaining a thriving, responsible gaming industry remains a crucial challenge in the evaluation of these new regulations. It is also worth mentioning that the restrictive measures imposed on online gambling often have parallels in the realm of land-based gambling, exemplified by recent developments such as the decision of the Superior Court of Justice of Valencia to refer a question to the Court of Justice of the European Union CJEU regarding whether the requirement of a minimum distances of meters between gaming halls and meters between these establishments and educational centres aligns with EU law, particularly in terms of principles such as proportionality, freedom of enterprise, and market unity.

This case highlights the need for a careful examination of whether such restrictions are proportionate to their intended goals and whether they inadvertently hinder legitimate business activities.

The outcome of this CJEU referral will likely have broader implications for the regulatory landscape of gambling in Europe, providing valuable guidance on striking the right balance between social protection and market freedoms.

From the above it can be concluded that some of the provisions contained in this regulation along with the restrictions introduced by the Royal Decree on commercial communications for gambling activities which not only introduced an almost total ban on advertising, but also the prohibition of welcome bonuses or promotions to attract new customers , and the fact that in such a highly regulated market there is a clear lack of regulatory updates in terms of market innovation and developments, are making the market look increasingly impoverished and unattractive, leading to a discouraging player experience, which will most likely and unfortunately result in players fleeing to the illegal market.

In line with the recently approved regulation in Spain, other implementations are still to come into effect. The aim of this new regulation is to limit player deposits in a universal manner — ie, by establishing a system of deposit limits per player applicable to all operators licensed in Spain.

In Spain, deposit limits for online gambling operators are set by the Gambling Act, with a daily limit of EUR, a weekly limit of EUR1, and a monthly limit of EUR3, Furthermore, an increase in the limits set by the player may not be requested until a cooling-off period of three months have elapsed since the last increase.

Therefore, the current regulation sets individual deposit limits for each operator, allowing players to modify them within certain parameters.

Any attempt to increase or completely remove the limit necessitates the player going through a series of responsible gambling measures.

While this current approach seems to strike a balance between personal choice and safeguarding players from excessive gambling risks, it is undeniably true that the proposed measure of joint deposit limits among operators appears logical and even ideal from the perspective of responsible gambling, with its primary aim being to assist players in managing their gaming behaviour and minimising potential harm resulting from excessive play through the limitation of deposit amounts.

However, the measure to be implemented in Spain has already been implemented in other countries where the results have not been as expected.

Germany, for instance, implemented a stringent joint deposit limit system in , which has had profound effects on the market dynamics. Major global operators have found it increasingly difficult to operate profitably within the confines of these strict limits.

The consequence of this has been that the market, once a thriving hub for online gambling, has now become marginalised even for industry giants.

A similar scenario has unfolded in Sweden, where the implementation of joint deposit limits has disrupted the market landscape. It has been found that players, frustrated by these restrictive limits, are now actively seeking unregulated operators as alternatives.

This trend is worrisome as it diverts players away from the protective umbrella of regulated environments to the potentially riskier unregulated fringes of the market. Therefore, while the intention behind joint deposit limits is laudable, regulators must consider the lessons learned from countries where it has been applied.

Striking the right balance between protecting players and maintaining a competitive and sustainable gambling industry is a complex challenge that requires constant evaluation, and potential adjustments to the regulatory framework to ensure both objectives are met effectively. Be that as it may, the draft Royal Decree in Spain has been submitted to a hearing and public information process, which ended on 16 October , so its entry into force is not expected in the coming months.

What the practical implications will be in practice remains to be seen. This alarming issue not only poses serious risks to personal privacy and financial security but also underscores the urgent need for comprehensive regulatory measures and heightened awareness.

The modus operandi of these accounts is receiving fraudulently obtained funds, which are subsequently transferred to other accounts, often overseas, making it nearly impossible to trace and recover the money after multiple transactions.

Mule accounts have become the preferred tool for fraudsters, money launderers and others, enabling them to evade justice and perpetuate their crimes. The issue of mule betting accounts has raised concerns within the Spanish gambling industry and among regulators.

The Spanish government has taken proactive measures to combat this problem by implementing strict regulations aimed at preventing money laundering, fraud, and the manipulation of betting markets.

Within this bod, is found the Global Investigation Service of the Betting Market SIGMA , a technical instrument that is constituted as an interactive co-operation network managed by the DGOJ and accessible by telematic means for the participating entities that have joined the service eg, the state security forces and corps, the Higher Sports Council, sports federations, professional leagues and licensed gambling operators.

Additionally, in , the National Commission to combat the manipulation of sports competitions and betting fraud CONFAD was created, which aims to provide a formalised channel for dialogue and co-operation between state public authorities, sports entities and gambling operators in order to prevent and eradicate corruption and manipulation of competitions and betting through co-ordinated action among its members.

Finally, it is worth mentioning the Spanish National Police Centre for Integrity in Sport and Gambling CENPIDA. This body was established in response to European Union directives with the primary aim of providing a comprehensive response to the gambling sector.

This is primarily driven by the concern that criminal organisations may exploit the gambling sector for their illicit activities, or that the sector itself may become a target of illegal practices, such as match-fixing. The CENPIDA is attached to the Central Service for the Control of Gambling and Betting of the National Spanish Police.

Recent law enforcement efforts have led to the dismantling of criminal organisations involved in match-fixing schemes aimed at defrauding sports betting companies.

Some mules were compensated with a percentage of the earnings, while others received privileged information for making their own wagers. Another remarkable achievement by Spanish agencies involved a joint operation conducted in collaboration with the National Police CENPIDA , Europol and Interpol, in the Operation Mursal.

This operation targeted an organisation engaged in manipulating sporting events through the use of satellite technology.

Among the various methods employed by the organisation was the use of third-party identities to avoid raising suspicions among betting companies. Despite the substantial prize winnings, the organisation appeared to collect them through different individuals, adding an additional layer of complexity to their illicit activities.

These successful operations underscore the commitment of Spanish law enforcement to combatting match-fixing and fraudulent activities within the gambling sector. The collaboration between national and international agencies demonstrates a concerted effort to maintain the integrity of sports competitions and protect the interests of legitimate bettors and the betting industry as a whole.

Chambers and Partners website Toggle navigation. Gaming Law Last Updated November 28, Law and Practice Trends and Developments. Law and Practice. Expand All. Regulatory Trends The regulatory regime for gambling in Spain is aimed at reinforcing: the protection of players; public order; and the prevention of addictive behaviour, fraud and money laundering.

Gambling Sector Growth The online gambling industry, according to the latest quarterly report Q2 issued by the Spanish gambling regulator, saw a robust 2. Jurisdictional Overview. General Regulation Gambling regulation in Spain is divided between online gambling that is offered at a federal level, and land-based or online gambling that is offered within one region.

The following games have been regulated so far, and are therefore permitted to be offered at a federal level: pools on sports betting; fixed-odds sports betting; pools on horse racing; fixed-odds horse racing; other fixed-odds betting; exchange sports betting; exchange horse racing; other exchange betting games; contests; poker; bingo; roulette; complementary games; blackjack; baccarat; and slots.

There are some minor differences between the regions, but the following gaming products are generally approved and permitted: roulette; blackjack; boule; trente et quarante; craps; baccarat; poker; slots and other machine gaming; bingo; raffles; tombola or charity raffles; betting; sports betting; horse racing; and Wheel of Fortune.

Sector-Specific Regulation Loterías y Apuestas del Estado LAE and the National Organisation of the Blind in Spain ONCE maintain the monopoly on lotteries offered at a federal level. Betting, poker, bingo, casinos and gaming machines are permitted and subject to licensing.

There are certain differences among the regions, but the following gaming products are generally permitted: roulette; blackjack; boule; trente et quarante; craps; baccarat; poker; slots and other machine gaming; bingo; raffles; tombola or charity raffles; betting; sports betting; horse racing; and Wheel of Fortune.

Legislative Framework. Regional Legislation The key legislation for land-based and online gambling at a regional level is approved by each of the 17 autonomous regions in Spain and the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, so each autonomous region has its own Gambling Act and secondary regulations developing the Gambling Act.

There is no specific or separate definition for land-based gambling. Very serious infractions include: operating without the necessary licence; the organisation, commercialisation, exploitation or promotion of illegal games; transferring a licence without the prior consent of the relevant gaming authority; the manipulation of technical systems or the use of systems or terminals not authorised by the relevant gaming authority; the unjustified and repeated non-payment of prizes to gambling participants; and the supply of technical support to unlicensed operators.

Minor infractions include: non-compliance with the obligations contained in the applicable regulations, provided that they are not explicitly typified as serious or very serious infractions; not properly informing the public about the prohibition on participation or access for minors and persons included in the General Game Access Interdiction Register; a lack of mandatory information being provided from the operator to players; and the participation from Spain, through the use of Spanish territorial IP address masking techniques, in gambling activities offered through websites other than those legally authorised by gambling operators with a licence in Spain.

Unlawful gambling is classified as a very serious infraction at both federal and regional level. The key aspects for consideration entail the proposed amendments, allowing the location of internal control system ICS in any European country rather than exclusively in Spain, together with the reduced ICS data retention period, decreasing from six to four years.

Licensing and Regulatory Framework. Since November , this authority has been put under the umbrella of the new Ministry of Social Rights, Consumer Affairs and Agenda prior to this, it was under the umbrella of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs for almost four years and under the Ministry of Finance before that and is competent, at the federal level, to: issue federal licences; draft regulation; supervise games; and supervise the enforcement and sanctioning of gambling activities.

Before discussing the approach to gambling regulation in Spain, a differentiation should be made between: regulation at a federal level, which only refers to online gambling; and regulation at a regional level, which includes both online and land-based gambling. Online Gambling Online gambling can be offered at a federal or regional level.

Land-Based Gambling The regulatory approach to land-based gambling is based on the licensing or authorisation regime approved by each autonomous region. Federal Level At a federal level, the available licences are classified as follows.

General licence for betting, which covers the following single licences: pools on sports betting; pools on horse racing; fixed-odds sports betting; fixed-odds horse racing; other fixed-odds betting; and exchange betting. General licence for contests, which also covers a single licence for contests.

General licence for other games, which covers the following single licences: poker; blackjack; bingo; slots; roulette; baccarat; and complementary games. Regional Level Each region has competence to establish its own licences and its own licensing procedure and regime.

Online Gambling at Federal Level General licences are valid for ten years, extendable by another ten. Regional Level The duration of licences depends on each region and type of licence.

The main application requirements are as follows. It must be a corporate entity with minimum share capital and an exclusive corporate purpose.

There must be corporate documentation in order to accredit compliance with all the requirements — among these documents, both the regional and federal regulator requests the submission of an official public deed identifying the ultimate beneficial owner. If the entity is not based in Spain, it must have a permanent representative in Spain for notification purposes.

It must be up to date with the Tax Agency and social security authorities. To prove economic solvency, notwithstanding the submission of other documentation, the applicant must deposit an economic guarantee and provide annual accounts or other declarations in this regard. Other documentation must also be submitted, such as an anti-money laundering AML policy, the responsible gambling policy, a business plan, agreements with providers and a fraud prevention manual.

Certain declarations must be signed by the directors and shareholders of the applicant entity ie, that they have not been convicted of a criminal offence. For online gambling licence applications at a federal level, entities must pay the following administrative fees: EUR10, For regional licences, the ongoing annual fee depends on the region and type of licence.

Land-Based Gambling. Minimum share capital — most of the regions require a minimum share capital for betting shops and casinos; for example, in Aragon or the Basque Country, the minimum share capital for a betting shop is EUR1 million.

Economic guarantees — these also vary by region and type of premises licence; for example, the bank guarantee for a casino in Catalonia is EUR, Certification reports proving compliance with technical requirements.

Certificates and documents proving legal solvency for instance, articles of association and deeds of incorporation of the company. Certificates and documents proving economic solvency for instance, annual accounts and certificates that prove the entity is up to date with the Tax Agency and the social security authorities.

Advertising As a consequence of the approval of the Royal Decree on commercial communications for online gambling activities at a federal level in , most of the regions in Spain announced their intention to proceed with the adaptation of their regulations to that Royal Decree.

Online Gambling. Spanish gambling regulation does not make any distinction between B2B and B2C operators. Draft Law Regulating Customer Services On 27 April , the Spanish Council of Ministers approved the draft law regulating customer services, the main objective of which is to alleviate the deficiencies detected in the provision of this type of service by large companies and to better safeguard consumer rights.

Somewhat related to the above, the most recent modification of the Spanish Gambling Act incorporated the following new types of infractions: a minor infraction consisting of the participation from Spain, through the use of Spanish territorial IP address masking techniques, in gambling activities offered through websites other than those legally authorised by gambling operators with a licence in Spain; and a serious infraction consisting of promoting or facilitating the participation from Spain in gambling activities through websites other than those legally authorised by gambling operators with a licence in Spain.

Responsible Gambling RG , Also Known as Safer Gambling SG. In this sense, the regulation of gambling activities requires the following: Identification of participants — operators must establish systems and mechanisms that allow the identification of the participants in the games.

This is a measure applicable to online and land-based operators. Deposit amount limits by default — this is a preventative measure and a mandatory requirement for online operators licensed at the federal level.

Also applicable to land-based businesses such as casinos. The limits by default in online gambling are EUR daily, EUR1, weekly and EUR3, monthly. Particular requirements for slot games — for example, a minimum duration approved for the slot spin on land-based terminals eg, five seconds in Madrid but three in the Basque Country and online.

The regulation applicable to online gambling at the federal level also sets forth the obligation for operators to establish mechanisms and protocols that make it possible to detect risky behaviours in registered players. RGIAJ Through an inscription in the RGIAJ, an individual is fully prohibited from accessing gambling activity applicable to online and land-based gambling.

Player Verification Service The DGOJ offers online operators a tool to proceed with the ID verification of their customers resident in Spain. Phishing Alert The DGOJ has launched a service addressed to all citizens in order for the operator to detect and communicate an attempt of activation of a user registration when the identity data provided matches the data of an individual who is registered with this service.

Anti-money Laundering AML. No recent changes have been published on this subject. The main requirements and obligations are as follows: Approve a suitable manual for the prevention of money laundering and ensure its availability to SEPBLAC.

Apply due diligence measures as per the Spanish AML Act, when a customer engages in transactions amounting to EUR2, or more — in a single operation or multiple linked operations — either upon the collection of winnings, the wagering of a stake or both for online gambling operators , or at the time of receiving gains or purchase or sale of gaming chips for land-based operators , the operator should implement the corresponding due diligence measures thorough monitoring, investigation into the nature and intention of the business transaction, and not merely customer ID verification.

For land-based casinos, ensure the identification and documentary verification of individuals seeking to enter the establishment. Records of the collected documentation must also be maintained.

Most procedures filed through the online office of the Directorate General for Gambling Regulation DGOJ require the registration of applications, whether online or in person.

In the latter case, the rest of the procedure will still be online. Applicants may be notified or check the status of their file at the online office.

Here is an explanation of the two paths for registering applications and the necessary elements for each. To register applications at the online office, you need a digital certificate issued by a recognised certificate authority.

You may download a list of recognised bodies or view it at the website of the State Secretariat for Public Administrations.

In either case, the NIF stated in both types of certificates must be the same as the one stated under the field for the requesting company representative. Digital certificates are documents digitally signed by an authorised body that allow individuals, legal persons and unincorporated entities to identify themselves.

Certificates come in different formats; namely in a card hardware certificates , like digital DNIs, or as software, like those issued by the Spanish Royal Mint FNMT , include in this case the "certificates in the cloud" provided through the system Cl ve.

They can only have one valid certificate per issuing entity. Once a new one is requested containing the same details, the previous one is invalidated and becomes inoperative. Foreign people can also obtain a certificate.

They do not need to reside in Spanish territory, but they do require either a NIE or, if they are EU citizens without a residence permit, an EU citizen registration certificate and their passport. They can have as many valid certificates as legal agents or voluntary representatives, provided the latter also have an adequate power of attorney with special and express order to request a digital certificate.

First you have to apply online for a digital certificate on the website of a certificate authority CA. Once you have applied, you must prove your identity by going to a register office register authorities authorised by the CA, carrying your request code and the documents required in each case.

Lastly, download the certificate off the Internet using the same computer where you requested it only for software certificates, not card ones. es you can check the list of accredited certificate authorities. Also, each CA website provides a list of valid register offices, as well as the procedure and deadlines for obtaining, renewing or revoking digital certificates.

Once the CA has issued the certificate, it will be stored by your machine's browser. When it comes to a certificate in the cloud or hardware, it will not be necessary to install it in the browser, having to use a card reader in the latter case. If you have a software-based digital certificate, it is recommended that you export it to a USB device or other storage medium as backup.

You can also export it to use it on other machines or browsers. This depends on the type of certificate, what it is used for and which CA issued it. Legal person certificates used for tax-related procedures and issued by the Spanish Royal Mint FNMT are valid for 2 years; individual certificates are valid for 3 years.

Once their validity period has expired, they become invalid. Certificates must be renewed while they are still valid to avoid going to a register office. They can be renovated from 60 days prior to their expiry date. A certificate is revoked by officially cancelling it while it is still valid in case of loss or if the holder suspects it has been copied by someone else.

Certificates can be deleted from browsers or cryptographic cards. Once you have done this, you will not be able to use it again unless you made a backup copy only for software-based certificates.

Card-based certificates cannot be backed up. Each CA sets their own required documents for proving identity. These are listed on each CA's website. Here is a list of the documents you need to obtain a digital certificate at the Spanish Royal Mint FNMT.

At one of the offices listed in the FNMT's NEAREST OFFICE location service;. Registers can be found in Social Security offices and local and regional Tax Agency offices. Local and regional Tax Agency offices. At one of Spain's foreign consulates.

They cannot be registered at customs registers. When applying for a certificate at a consulate, ask them to send a scanned copy of the contract to registroceres fnmt.

es to speed up the process. The original contract must still be sent to the FNMT - RCM, following the set procedure. This address is not available for any procedure other than for issuing consulate-requested certificates. IMPORTANT NOTICE: No legal person certificate requests may be registered at Spanish consulates.

Foreign citizens linked to Spain for financial, professional or social reasons will be provided with a personal, unique and exclusive number sequence for identification purposes.

The personal number is the foreign citizen's identification number ; it must appear on all their issued or processed documents and on their identity card or passport endorsement stamps.

NIEs can be requested for reasons of financial, professional or social interest through the following means:. Important note: All non-EU foreign public documents must be legally valid and, where necessary, translated into Spanish or the co-official language of the territory where the application is filed.

For more information on this, read the information sheet of the Secretariat of State for Immigration and Emigration. The FNMT-RCM currently issues legal person digital certificates recognised by the Tax Agency. Therefore, these certificate applications can only be registered at Spanish or Navarre Tax Agency offices with a signed agreement to issue them.

For further information and to request a legal person certificate: FNMT online office or on the Spanish Tax Agency website. Legal person certificate requests will be checked to verify the legal incorporation of the company, its present existence and the identity and current post of the legal or empowered representative.

Legal or voluntary representatives with a power of attorney with special and express order to request a digital certificate shall APPEAR IN PERSON at any office of the Spanish Tax Agency, identify themselves and present their company credentials for requesting a digital certificate and signing a contract with the FNMT.

If you cannot or do not wish to appear in person, the same legal or empowered person can notarise the FNMT contract and you can send the signature authentication to the Spanish Tax Agency together with the remaining documents.

Cl ve is a system aimed at unifying and simplifying citizens' electronic access to public services. Its main goal is to allow citizens to identify themselves to the Administration through previously set up login details username plus password , without having to remember different login details to access different services, as well as facilitating the use of certificates by not linking their use to the use of hardware devices or the installation of any software.

To access the DGOJ Electronic Office with Cl ve, you must have an advanced level registration in the Cl ve system. For this, it is essential to register in-person at any Social Security, State Tax Administration Agency, Public Employment Service or Government Delegation office, or use your digital certificate or electronic ID to register on the Cl ve website.

The electronic administration services user can choose the identification method they wish to use from amongst those available for the level of assurance required by the application. It is based on the use of a user code, your ID or foreigner identification number, and a password which is set during the activation process and must only be known by you.

You must have been previously registered in the system to access the activation process.

Related Post

4 thoughts on “Spanish Gambling Regulatory Authorities”

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *